The term “electronic keyboard” refers to any instrument which produces sound by the pressing or striking of keys, and uses electricity, somehow, to facilitate the roll-out of that sound. Using best digital piano keyboard to generate music follows an inevitable evolutionary line from the 1st musical keyboard instruments, the pipe organ, clavichord, and harpsichord. The pipe organ is the oldest of these, initially developed by the Romans in the 3rd century B.C., and called the hydraulis. The hydraulis produced sound by forcing air through reed pipes, and was powered by means of a manual water pump or even a natural water source such as a waterfall.
From it’s first manifestation in ancient Rome till the 14th century, the organ remained the sole keyboard instrument. Many times, it did not feature a keyboard in any way, instead utilizing large levers or buttons which were operated by utilizing the whole hand.
The subsequent appearance from the clavichord and harpsichord inside the 1300’s was accelerated from the standardization of the 12-tone keyboard of white natural keys and black sharp/flat keys present in all keyboard instruments nowadays. The popularity of the clavichord and harpsichord was eventually eclipsed through the development and widespread adoption from the piano in the 18th century. The piano was a revolutionary advancement in acoustic musical keyboards because a pianist could vary the quantity (or dynamics) of the sound the instrument produced by varying the force in which each key was struck.
The emergence of electronic sound technology in the 18th century was the next essential element of the creation of the current electronic keyboard. The very first electrified musical instrument was thought to be the Denis d’or (built by Vaclav Prokop Dovis), dating from about 1753. It was shortly accompanied by the “clavecin electrique” invented by Jean Baptiste Thillaie de Laborde around 1760. The previous instrument was comprised of over 700 strings temporarily electrified to boost their sonic qualities. The later had been a keyboard instrument featuring plectra, or picks, that have been activated electrically.
While being electrified, neither the Denis d’or or even the clavecin used electricity as being a sound source. In 1876, Elisha Gray invented this type of instrument called the “musical telegraph.,” that was, essentially, the very first analog electronic synthesizer. Gray found that he could control sound from a self-vibrating electromagnetic circuit, and thus invented a simple single note oscillator. His musical telegraph created sounds from your electromagnetic oscillation of steel reeds and transmitted them more than a telephone line. Grey continued to include a simple loudspeaker into his later models which was comprised of a diaphragm vibrating in a magnetic field, making the tone oscillator audible.
Lee De Forrest, the self-styled “Father Of Radio,” was another major contributor to the creation of the electronic keyboard. In 1906 he invented the triode electronic valve or “audion valve.” The audion valve was the first thermionic valve or “vacuum tube,” and De Forrest built the initial vacuum tube instrument, the “Audion Piano,” in 1915. The vacuum tube became an essential component of electronic instruments for the next fifty years up until the emergence and widespread adoption of transistor technology.
The decade in the 1920’s brought a wealth of new electronic instruments to the scene including the Theremin, the Ondes Martenot, and also the Trautonium.
Another major breakthrough inside the past of portable keyboard piano came in 1935 with the introduction of the Hammond Organ. The Hammond was the first electronic instrument able to producing polyphonic sounds, and remained so up until the invention from the Chamberlin Music Maker, and the Mellotron in the late 1940’s and early 1950’s. The Chamberlin as well as the Mellotron were the initial ever sample-playback keyboards meant for making music.
The electronic piano made it’s first appearance within the 1940’s using the “Pre-Piano” by Rhodes (later Fender Rhodes). This was a 3 as well as a half octave instrument produced from 1946 until 1948 that came built with self-amplification. In 1955 the Wurlitzer Company debuted their first electric piano, “The 100.”
The rise of music synthesizers inside the 1960’s gave a strong push for the evolution from the electronic musical keyboards we now have today. The initial synthesizers were extremely large, unwieldy machines used only in recording studios. The technological advancements and proliferation of miniaturized solid state components soon allowed producing synthesizers which were self-contained, portable instruments competent at being utilized in live performances.
This began in 1964 when Bob Moog produced his “Moog Synthesizer.” Lacking a keyboard, the Moog Synthesizer was not truly a digital keyboard. Then, in 1970, Moog debuted his “Minimoog,” a non-modular synthesizer using a built in keyboard, and also this instrument further standardized the style of electronic musical keyboards.
Most early analog synthesizers, like the Minimoog as well as the Roland SH-100, were monophonic, competent at producing just one tone at the same time. A couple of, such as the EML 101, ARP Odyssey, as well as the Moog Sonic Six, could produce two different tones at once when two keys were pressed. True polyphony (the creation of multiple simultaneous tones which allow for uwetwb playing of chords) was just obtainable, initially, using electronic organ designs. There have been a number of electronic keyboards produced which combined organ circuits with synthesizer processing. These included Moog’s Polymoog, Opus 3, as well as the ARP Omni.
By 1976, additional design advancements had allowed the appearance of polyphonic synthesizers including the Oberheim Four-Voice, and also the Yamaha series CS-50, CS-60, and CS-80. The initial truly practical polyphonic synth, introduced in 1977, was the Sequential Circuits Prophet-5. This instrument was the first one to utilize a microprocessor as a controller, and in addition allowed all knob settings to become saved in computer memory and recalled by just pushing a control button. The Prophet-5’s design soon had become the new standard within the electronic keyboards industry.
The adoption of Musical Instrumental Digital Interface (MIDI) because the standard for digital code transmission (allowing electronic keyboards to get connected into computers along with other devices for input and programming), and also the ongoing digital technological revolution have produced tremendous advancements in every aspects of full size piano keyboard, construction, function, quality of sound, and cost. Today’s manufactures, like Casio, Yamaha, Korg, Rolland, and Kurzweil, are now producing an abundance of well-built, lightweight, versatile, great sounding, and affordable electronic keyboard musical instruments and definately will continue to do so well into the near future.